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AFRO-BRAZILIANS

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Afro-Brazilians are Brazilians of African descent, who are divided into preto(black) and pardo( brown, mixed ancestry). Brazil has over 134 categories of race. The first Africans were brought in 1530’s and were the last to abolish slavery in 1888. Currently, Brazilians of African descent are estimated at 50.7%,91 million in population. Afro-Brazilians are concentrated in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Bahia, São Paulo, and Minas Gerais. The African influences are: FOOD- quindins, acaçá, acarajé, xinxim de galinha, vatapá, caruru, quiabo, moqueca, feijoada; MUSIC AND DANCE- samba, jongo, capoeira, lundu, maculelê, batuques, afoxés, blocos afros, maracatu, baião, choro, congos, congadas, quilombos, forró; RELIGION- candomblé, umbanda, xangô, batuque, catimbó, macumba.

For History of Afro-Brazilian

 

History- https://minorityrights.org/minorities/afro-brazilians/

 

History- http://www.afropedea.org/afro-brazilian

 

Video History- https://youtu.be/sXAFHmxW-2Q

Video History and  Culture with Henry Louis Gates Jr- https://youtu.be/Gh7c46U5hhY

 

Video History- https://youtu.be/Y7DGH9t6fCo

Video Cultural Critic- https://youtu.be/4suegOrm2Vs


Religion- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dr3zQRXzuvY

Afro-Brazilian Music and Dance Resources

Info- Brazilian music: How Africa and slavery influenced it (redbull.com)

Info- The African influence on Brazilian Music – Marco Schaumloeffel

Info- Afro-Brazilian History, Beats and Culture | HuffPost

Video Capoeira- https://youtu.be/6H0D8VaIli0

Video Samba- https://youtu.be/lIN-EIs4VzE

Video Samba- https://youtu.be/PwBhy6wBZDs

Video Olodum- https://youtu.be/A3o30YJiWsc

Video Maculele- https://youtu.be/d7MnlWU7Ad

 

Afro-Brazilian  Religion and Spirituality Resources

 

Video Religion- https://youtu.be/fzKTTJHHk04

 

Video Religion-https://youtu.be/SnQfOXUFHws

 

Video Religion- https://youtu.be/Bt5_ajEl1Rg

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(All photos of Afro-brazilians in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil  by Lynn Anyanwu)